During the global pandemic Corona, the Government of India has been running the world’s largest free ration distribution program for the past one year. The PM Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana, being run to help the needy people of the country in times of crisis, has been repeatedly extended in several phases so that no one goes hungry till the situation becomes normal. Let us understand to whom millions of metric tonnes of food grains are being delivered free of cost for the past one and a half years under this scheme:-
What is PM Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana
Prime Minister Narendra Modi started the PM Garib Kalyan Yojana last year after the formidable nature of the Corona epidemic came to the fore. Under this, PM Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana was started to provide free ration to the needy people, which will continue till Diwali this year. This decision was taken in a meeting held on 23 June 2021 under the chairmanship of the Prime Minister. However, on June 7 itself, PM Narendra Modi had announced to extend this scheme till Diwali.
who can take advantage
Under the scheme, about 80 crore ration card holders of the country covered under the National Food Security Act (NFSA) are being provided five kg of free food grains (wheat or rice) per member. Apart from this, one kg of pulses is also being given. This five kg food grain is being given in addition to the food grains already available on the ration card. If five kg of food grains per member has been available on a ration card till before this scheme, then now ten kg of food grains will be available per member, of which five kg will be absolutely free. The scheme aims to help people belonging to the economically weaker sections. Priority is being given to hawkers, rickshaw pullers, migrants and road dwellers.
world’s largest free food scheme
In terms of the number of needy being covered in India under this scheme, it is about two and a half times the population of America. 12 times the population of Great Britain can be fed. For more than a year, twice the population of all countries of the entire European Union has been given the benefit of free rations.
According to an estimate, the total expenditure on this scheme is expected to be around one lakh fifty thousand crore rupees. Till November last year, under this scheme, about 90 thousand crores of free ration had been distributed among the poor by the central government. After the decision to extend this scheme in 2021, an additional expenditure of about 26 thousand crores was estimated in May and June. Talking about the allocation of free ration to the states, about 18.8 lakh metric tonnes of wheat and about 21 lakh metric tonnes of rice are being given in a month.
how much food is being distributed
According to the information, under the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana, the central government had allocated 201 lakh metric tonnes of free food grains in five months between July and November last year. Talking about this year, about 28 lakh metric tonnes of free food grains have been distributed in May. 1,433 foodgrain rakes were distributed to the states through the Food Corporation of India (FCI). 46 rakes were given every day. The central government is bearing the food subsidy, transportation expenses to the states and the dealer’s margin.
free ration schemes in the world
Every day around 69 crore people in the world are forced to sleep hungry stomach. In particular, the food crisis in African countries remains high. Famine, unrest and geographical conditions are the main reasons for this. Under the World Food Program (WFP) of the United Nations, free food grains are being distributed in 82 countries for the past several years. Now giving it a new look, instead of food grains, it is being changed in the system of distribution of cash or vouchers. According to the WFP website, this is also due to the elimination of malnutrition. By giving cash or vouchers, the needy can not only satisfy hunger but also choose nutritious food for themselves and their children. WFP gets financial help from many countries of the world. Along with this, many organizations also cooperate in providing free food grains to the people. In the Middle East country, Egypt also ran a food subsidy scheme for a long time with the aim of social equality and political stability. At one time, the government there used to spend 5.6% of its total expenditure on this scheme. By 1997, this amount was more than a billion dollars.