Child labor is banned in Pakistan, but according to the latest report of the United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF), about 3.3 million children in Pakistan are forced to work. According to UNICEF, around 3.3 million children in Pakistan are at risk from child labor which deprives them of their childhood, health and education.
In a blog post in Dunya News, Mehmil Khalid wrote that the menace of child labor in Pakistan is not leaving behind, while Pakistan has participated in several international conferences, as well as incorporating the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) into its policy framework. has done. Children in Pakistan are subjected to physical, sexual, economic and emotional violence, which are a constant impediment to the growth and development of children in Pakistan. Here children from a very young age start doing rigorous domestic or industrial work to help the family financially.
Khalid further wrote that the issues of poverty, lack of access to basic facilities and unregistered births are the issues that are haunting Pakistan at this time. Only 34 percent of children under the age of five are registered at birth nationally. By registration of birth, children can get their fundamental right. Registration gives legal proof of existence and identity of the child and protects them from unjust social norms like early marriage.
According to a UNICEF report, it was estimated that a quarter of women aged 20 to 49 in Pakistan were married before the age of 15 and 31 percent before the age of 18.
Dunya News reported that Pakistan also follows UN child labor laws, but it has become common practice to employ young children to do household chores, especially young girls. Here children have to pay heavily to avenge their parents’ thinking and sometimes bribe them.
The Government of Pakistan has passed the Employment Act 1991 Act, this rule prohibits children below 14 years of age from working in unsafe and dangerous places such as factories, carpet industries and mines.