Whenever there is talk of development of tribals, it is said that by changing tribal culture, they can be linked with the stream of development. Such thoughts are diverting us from the goal of tribal development and self-reliance. In fact, the goal of self-reliance can be fulfilled only by the expansion of tribal culture.
Conservation and promotion of nature is the specialty of tribal culture. Solving one’s own problems in the presence of nature makes tribal society self-reliant. Under the pressure of western profiteering tendency, an attempt has been made to discourage and limit the uniqueness of tribal society by negative portrayal of most of the tribal society. Today most people do not have the experience of participatory observation of tribal culture and on the basis of information received based on confused secondary material, people talk about changing tribal culture and linking them with the stream of development. Whereas the reality is that tribal culture is the mainstream of development and by adopting it, the goal of development and self-reliance of the country can be fulfilled.
Many development related schemes were prepared by various governments in the past and present, but the goal of self-reliance could not be fulfilled till date. In such a situation, the fact cannot be denied that the reach of various development schemes of the government to the tribal society is minimal as compared to other societies. Despite this, self-reliance is highest in tribal society as compared to other societies. The main reason for this is the specificity of tribal culture, under which the development strategy is made by being influenced by the local ecosystem, consensus, self-government and nature enrichment rather than being influenced by the external ecosystem. Incorporating local ecosystem enrichment into their culture keeps tribal societies linked to sustainable development, making even a global economic recession minimally effective or ineffective in tribal areas.
India has a golden history of self-reliance, but over time, due to external influences, the self-reliance gradually ended. The present situation has become such that the local social culture is becoming negligible from one generation to the next, while the western culture is becoming more dominant. We should understand that culture is what makes a society self-reliant and in any area in which the external culture will have more influence than the culture based on the local ecosystem, in those areas the government will not be self-reliant even by making economic investments in the plans of continuous development. can bring
It is through culture that cultural elements are transmitted from one generation to another and the next generation also becomes economically, socially and politically self-sufficient in the company of nature. The process of cultural communication has been very influential in tribal society. There are many such institutions of tribal society through which cultural communication is done effectively. One of these is Dhumkudiya. It is a platform or institution where youth get acquainted with educational and cultural activities. When it comes to cultural activities, it also includes economic activities here.
Discussions take place on various topics of social importance. Dancing and singing are also one side of it. This is a culturally maintained system. This organization has been running with social support. Through such institutions, unity in the society also increases, the youth is introduced to the culture and self-reliance also comes. Sitting together and talking on social issues and presenting their ideas related to development keeps the youth connected with their society.
Overall, youth with empirical knowledge of subjects like ecosystem, society and health acquires the quality of being self-reliant instead of seeking help from any government. If we discuss the specialties of religious places of tribal culture, then even today this society is closer to nature. In this community, more importance is given to dense forest, trees, river and mountains etc. The promotion of all natural heritage is linked to religious beliefs.
Talking about cultural characteristics, there is no difference between the words and deeds of the tribal society. If river, forest, mountain are considered to be worshiped then they are not only worshiped, these natural resources are also conserved and enriched with commitment. If the history of tribal movements is read, then in these movements, movements related to saving nature come prominently. In such a situation, it would not be wrong to say that the tribals gave importance to nature more than personal selfishness, due to which every living being in the periphery of the ecosystem became self-sufficient.
After getting education from tribal culture, development plans will be made by the government, only then our country can achieve the goal of self-reliance. Otherwise, there can be economic progress in the country, but the goal of self-reliance cannot be achieved.