Dr. Rajendra Prasad, the first President of the country, has a special place in the sages who contributed to the creation of India after independence. Apart from being a Gandhian, he was also a thinker whose wisdom has helped to understand Indianism in a modern way. Dr. Rajendra Prasad wrote many books, in which the historical importance of Indian education, literary education and culture and Gandhiji’s contribution is considered.
In the books that are being discussed on the occasion of the 75th anniversary of independence, it seems necessary to mention his English book ‘India Divided’, which he not only wrote logically in 1945, but in this way propounded his idea that India The book became a role model for both the supporters and opponents of the partition of K.K. Today, writing on the Hindi translation of the same book ‘Khandit Bharat’ is an attempt to point out its relevance, which remains current even after seven decades of independence due to its ideological wealth.
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When the Muslim League passed the resolution for the partition of the country in the Lahore session of 1940, it became a matter of great discussion and concern. Many prominent personalities, presenting their views on this matter, suggested solutions to this problem. Keeping this in the center, Rajendra Prasad prepared the blueprint of ‘India Divided’. It can be said that he had foreseen a faint shadow of the partition of India in the future, which, while looking at the whole scenario neutrally, he felt it necessary that the problem needed to be considered in a factual manner. . It is not without reason that the way he researched and conceptualized this book at that time, it is available to us in the form of a document today.
Partition of India was kept in the original preamble
From the point of view of the idea in this book, the partition of India has been kept as the original preamble, towards which Rajendra Prasad’s thinking was not in favor of the partition proposal. Even though the post-colonial times may consider it a bit outdated regarding its relevance today, where can it be denied that the relevance of looking at the logic, debate and thought of a Gandhian revolutionary of that period in the context of independence will always be Is it going to survive? Then it also had a great feature that in this the author did not impose his thoughts on the readers or the general public. With the help of facts, figures, tables, maps, graphs and other authentic references, he judiciously placed before the society the things related to the partition of the Indian peninsula. With the aim that a common Indian can form his own intuitive opinion about the creation of Pakistan. It was a risky task that required finding a justifiable solution. Also because the entire nation, at that time was passing through such a decisive phase, in which the talk of the partition of the country was disturbing and hurtful for the citizens here.
It was in this context that the arrival of this systematic book by Rajendra Prasad was such a historic step, which was to give correct information to the society and inspire them to develop their own independent view on partition. The book was divided into six parts, in which the first part – two nations, the second part – the communal triangle, the third part – the plans for partition, the fourth part – the All India Muslim League’s proposal for Pakistan, the fifth part – the productive abilities of the Muslim states and the sixth part – Pakistan had options. He also wrote short essays under several subheadings in each chapter, analyzing which he took stock of all kinds of advantages and disadvantages in the future.
The author’s fertile views on the purpose of partition
There are many quotes in the book, which can be easily understood by reading the fertile thoughts of the author. For example, it is pertinent to read this argument from the essay ‘National and Multinational Raj’ – the object of partition is the establishment of Hindu and Muslim kingdoms, like those established in Europe after the First Great Summer, in which both Hindus and Muslims have their own rights. According to their special tendency in their rule, they can get proper opportunities for the development of cultural, spiritual, economic and political life and they can decide their own future.
There is no need for anyone to quarrel with respect to this objective, if it can be achieved. But Hindu and Muslim settlers are so scattered and mixed together that in any part of the country, it is not possible for a Hindu or Muslim to form a single ethnic state, in which many people of other castes remain as minorities. If you go
An important social, political document filled with such thoughts, by reading which we can easily understand that decisive period of independence and partition. Rajendra Babu rightly aims that in the absence of suitable material, it is not easy to write such a comprehensive book, in which social and cultural progress, its serious and indelible impression on life and its unexplained effects on the public are discussed in full.
Dr. Rajendra Prasad had already assessed the situation after the partition of the country and tried to warn about it through this book.
Book : Fractured India
Author Dr. Rajendra Prasad
Publisher : Prabhat Prakashan, New Delhi
Price : Rs.800