31 July is the martyrdom day of the great revolutionary Udham Singh. He was hanged (Udham Singh Fansi) in Pentonville Jail on 31 July 1940. This son of India waited 20 years to avenge the Jallianwala Bagh massacre and sent Michael Francis O’Dwyer, the then Governor General of Punjab, who ordered the firing, to London. Shot down. After this he did not run away and gave his arrest. Udham Singh’s real name (Udham Singh Ka Asli Naam) Another special thing is Udham Singh’s childhood name was Sher Singh and his brother’s name was Mukta Singh but when he had to live in the orphanage, he and his brother’s name were given Udham Singh and Sadhu Singh.
But Udham Singh was not satisfied with his name, so he changed his name to Ram Mohammad Singh Azad to give the message of universal equality in the country, which was a symbol of India’s three major religions Hindu, Muslim, Sikh and their goal independence. April 13, 1919 Black Day of Indian History Jallianwala Bagh Hatyakand Kab Hua Tha – If you turn the pages of history, April 13, 1919 is considered as the darkest day in Indian history. On the same day thousands of people gathered at Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar to protest against the Rowlatt Act and British officer General Dyer blocked the main gate of this garden with his soldiers and armed vehicles and without any warning, fired bullets at the unarmed crowd for 10 minutes. Was.
Udham Singh took revenge for the Jallianwala Bagh massacre (Udham Sing Revenge) It is said that in this incident about 1000 people died and more than 1500 were injured. Historians say that General Dyer was present on the spot when this incident happened. But the instructions to open fire on the people were given by the then Governor General of Punjab, Michael Francis O’Dwyer. O’Dwyer was shot dead by revolutionary Udham Singh at Caxton Hall in London on March 13, 1940. Who gave the instructions for firing. While the death of Dyer, who fired and got it done, is said to have happened in 1927 due to arteriosclerosis (disease of the arteries) and cerebral haemorrhage. Udham Singh and Jawahar Lal Nehru This act of Shaheed Udham Singh was also praised by the then Congress leader and the first Prime Minister of independent India, Jawaharlal Nehru. He said that the incident was regrettable but necessary to warn the British rule. Udham Singh traveled under different names to Africa, Nairobi, Brazil and America to reach the end of his mission.
In 1934, Udham Singh reached London and started living there at 9, Elder Street Commercial Road. There he bought a car for his purpose as well as a revolver with six bullets to complete his mission. After that he started waiting for the right opportunity. Udham Singh got the opportunity to avenge the death of hundreds of his brothers and sisters on 13 March 1940. When the Royal Central Asian Society had a meeting at Caxton Hall in London where Michael O’Dwyer was also one of the speakers. Udham Singh reached the meeting place on time. He hid his revolver in a thick book. For this, he had cut the pages of the book in the shape of a revolver. When Udham Singh was hanged (Udham Singh Ko Fansi Kab Hui) Udham Singh opened fire on Michael O’Dwyer as soon as he got the opportunity. Two bullets hit Michael O’Dwyer causing his immediate death. Udham Singh did not try to escape from there and gave his arrest.
They were prosecuted. On 4 June 1940, Udham Singh was convicted of murder and hanged on 31 July 1940 in Pentonville Jail. Udham Singh’s childhood (Udham Singh Wikipedia In Hindi) Born on 26 December 1899 in Sunam village of Sangrur district of Punjab, Udham Singh’s mother passed away within two years. When he was eight years old, his father passed away. He had to take shelter in an orphanage in Amritsar along with his elder brother. His elder brother also died in 1917. He became an orphan completely when the Jallianwalabagh incident happened in 1919 and he left the orphanage. After this he joined the freedom struggle with the revolutionaries. Worked continuously for the freedom of the country and to fulfill his pledge to kill Dyer and attained martyrdom.